Francisco Jose de Goya

Francisco de Goya, using mainly etching and aquatint, elevates printmaking as an artistic language: at the end of the 18th century, the First Court Painter represents in his series Los Caprichos, as Linda Simon writes «the innumerable foibles and follies to be found in any civilized society, and from the common preju-dices and deceitful practices which custom, ignorance, or self-interest have made usual». This series of 80 etchings is a satire of the society of his time in Spain, especially the nobles and the clergy, evolving from realism to fantastic. Let us note that with Goya’s prints ugliness firstly appears triumphantly in art.